Centrifugal pump in drilling fluid system

In drilling fluid system, centrifugal pumps are always used to transfer drilling fluid for linear motion shale shaker,hydrocyclone desander and desilter or mud cleaners.

Drilling fluid system

Drilling fluid system is the typical 4 phase mud process system,including shale shaker, desander, desilter, centrifuge.The shale shaker is the first stage of solids control equipment in solids control system, which removes cuttings with diameter above 76μm from the drilling fluids brought up from the wells.Drilling mud desander is the second stage of solids control equipment in solids control system. It is mainly used to take away the solids with diameter ranging from 47 to 76 μm from the formerly treated fluids.Desilter is the third stage of solids control equipment in solids control system. Decanter centrifuge is the solids control equipment which used to separate the solids from volumes of liquid that contain solid particles.

Centrifugal pump used as mud pump

OGEM Solids Control SB Series centrifugal pump is used for transporting drilling mud. It can be used as feeding pump for drilling mud desander, drilling mud desilter, or used as mixing pump for Jet Mud Mixer. Also it can be used as trip pump and supercharging pump for rig mud pump.Usually, these pumps are horizontal one. They’ll be mounted on mud tanks ends or under the slant plate of shaker tank. When we set pumps under shaker tank will save much space. However, then it will be inconvenient when we repair or inspect pumps.But sometimes in solids control system there will be vertical pump or submersible slurry pump instead of horizontal pumps.

Drilling fluids flow into the shale shaker directly after it returns to the surface of the well, and the solids that are removed by the screen would be dischanged out of the tank, and the drilling fluids with smaller solids would flow through the screen into mud tank for further purification. A centrifugal pump would sucks the shaker-treated fluids up to the desilter or mud cleaner for further purification. And vertical slurry pump is used to pump the drilling fluids up to the centrifuge,and mud pump would pump the drilling fluids from mud tank into the borehole after it is treated by centrifuge.

Shale Shaker for Petroleum Drilling Solids Control

Shale shaker is utilized in many different industries, such as coal cleaning plant, mining,

petroleum drilling, and natural gas exploitation, etc. and the shakers that are currently

used in petroleum drilling were initially introduced from the coal cleaning industry. It can

remove the solids that is over 75μm diameter. As solids over this diameter is much

harmful on the drilling fluids property. They must be removed from the drilling mud at the

first stage of solids control system. And shale shaker with API 200 mesh (75μm) is

designed and manufacutured basing on this principle.

Drilling fluid shale shaker

I.  The Importance of Shale Shaker.

Shale shaker plays an important role in solids control system, and it is the most important

and earliest equipment that are used to separate the solids in the drilling fluids. It is the first

purification stage after drilling fluids return to the surface of the well, and has very strong

effect on the drilling fluids property, specially on the cost of drilling. If the shaker screen

that is to be used on the shaker is not correct, or worn, or even worse, the drilling fluids

enter into the mud tank directly, but not through the screen, the equipments at subsequent

purification stages may not work normally. This would definitely effect the drilling speed

and the cost. So the drilling team must place and utilize the shale shaker in a right way

according to the drilling mud property.

II. The Formation of Shale Shaker.

Shale shaker is consist of weled base, screen basket, screen, vibration motor, angle

adjust device, feeder, explosion-proof switch, etc. Sometime in order to treat relative big

volume drilling fluids, double or triple shale shakers are used, which two or three shakers

are combined to work together. Drilling fluids first flow into the feeder, and then flow onto

the screen. While the angle of screen basket can be adjusted -1° ~ +5° through the angle

adjust device while drilling, no need to stop the drilling process. and the vibration motor,

through driving its two pcs eccentric blocks retating, generates the vibration force on

screen basket. So according to the diference of solids vibration tracks, shale shakers are

divided into elliptical shaker, linear-motion shaker, and circular shaker.

III. The Nomenclature of Screen.

Before the new ISO standard was issued, shaker screens were named according to the

screen mesh sizes.  The screen mesh sizes means the number of mesh per one inch

length of the screen edge. At that time, most meshs are square, so this is advisable. After

the new ISO standard nomenclature was issued, the British unit was not available any

more. And also new complecated shale shakers were invented, these required the change

of the shale shaker nomentacure. Normally API 20 meshes ~ 50 meshes is considered to

be the cribble screen, and API 150 meshes ~325 meshes to be the fine screen.

New Methods of Solids Control System

Hydrocyclone desilter, mud from the bottom cyclone loss of about 2~5% economic

losses, according to the situation of production, processing a large amount of mud, the

decanter centrifuge adopt the automatic unloading continuous working style.

Which Could consider using a mechanical centrifugal realizing the solid-liquid

separation.which can minimize the mud losses. Such as centrifugal centrifuge, centrifuge,

anti jump ring vibration centrifuge, decanter centrifuge, filter control loop of spiral

centrifuge, double piston push centrifuge, hanging type automatic centrifuge, centrifuge,

centrifuge, discprecession screw unloading settling centrifuge etc.

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OGEM Decanter Centrifuge Technical Parameters:

Model

LXJ600x1500N GLXJ355x1250N GLXJ450x1258N
Bowl diameter 600mm  355mm 450mm
Speed 2600RPM  3200RPM 2800RPM
Separation factor 2268G  2035G 2191G
Separation Size 2~5μm  2~5μm 2~5μm
Main drive motor 55KW-4p
75hp
 30KW-4p
40hp
37KW-4p
50hp
Back drive motor 15KW-4p
20hp
 7.5 KW-4p
10hp
11KW-4p
15hp
 Treating capacity ≤90m3/h  ≤40m3/h  ≤60m3/h
 Weight 4000kg  2950kg 3000kg
Dimension 3200x1700x1800 2900x1850x1750 2950x1620x850
Model LXJ450x842N LXJ450x1000N LXJ700x1200N LXJ600x1000
Bowl diameter  450mm  450mm 700mm  600mm
Speed  1800RPM  1800RPM 1800RPM  1800RPM
Separation factor  815G  815G 1268G 860G
Separation size  5~7μm  5~7μm  5~7μm  5~7μm
Main drive motor  22KW-4p
30hp
 30KW-4p
40hp
55KW-4p
75hp
 45KW-4p
60hp
Back drive motor  5.5 KW-4p
8hp
 7.5 KW-4p
10hp
15KW-4p
20hp
 7.5 KW-4p
10hp
Treating capacity  ≤40m3/h  ≤60m3/h ≤90 m3/h  ≤60m3/h
Weight  2550kg  2700kg 4300kg  4580kg
Dimension 2360x1850x1750 2600x1850x1750 3250x1800x2180 2700x1880x1800

More info about OGEM Solids Control Equipment,pls feel free to contact us.

Alternative 400GPM and 500GPM Drilling Mud Recycling System

One proposal for 400GMP Drilling mud system listed

1)400GPM mud recycling system

2)Mud storage Tank Package.

Also another alternative OGEM500GPM Complete drilling mud solids removal system Proposal

1)500GPM Mud Recycling System(8000Lx2300Wx1800H)

2)Mud Mixing System(Mud Tank +Mixing hopper and pump)(8000Lx2300Wx1800H).

Detailed configuration on the system

1)About the paint on equipments and mud tanks

We always use Japan Kansai & COSCO coating and painting. The Zink-Rich Epoxy painting. For mud tank internal, there will be 2 layers, while for outside will be 3 Layers.

2)The client required the mud system powered by generator, so there should be information on the connection.

How does the generator connect – they prefer plugged since there is no electrician required on site. How does the slurry pump connect to the unit? (again preference is forplugged) and what length of cable is supplied? How are the shakers connected? (preference again is plugged). For Above 3 questions, they are all connected by Aviation plug as we always do. It’s easy for operation. And for cable supplied for slurry pump we can provide free cable no more than 30m.

3)Moreover about all controls of the drilling mud system. All of the labels are described by clear English for easy operation just as we’ve done from beginning. We’ve exported our products to over 20 countries, we must make all of equipments globalized design.

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A rather important issue. The capacity of the dirty and clean mud tanks. According to our design and client’s actual drilling situation. The dirty Mud will be 1400Gallons,while clean Mud is 2300Gallons. We recommend them to have an extra storage tank to increase total clean mud capacity.

Flexible installation for convenient transportaion

Considering the convenience on assembly and disassembly the whole mud solids control system for transportation and removal. There will be also quick connectors between Desanders, Desilter and the pipelines, the quick connectors are made of stainless steel.

Of course, it is subject to certain requirements from customer. If consider the economical cost and unnecessary removal, kindly suggest use the common flanges and pipelines connected by bolts.

They wish there is an option to run a 20m umbilical cable that provide operator control from the drillers panel. We can provide cable connect the general control cabinet but not for each single items such as only for shale shaker, mud cleaner, mud mixing pump, etc.

Option of 500GPM Mud recycling system

What are the options to increase the units treatment capacity to 500GPM?

We just need to change the mud mixing pump position and mount manner. Also the mud tank  inner dimension will be about 7.5m. This is much longer than last tank length. We kindly suggest them take mud mixing pump on a separated skid not on the tank. Or it is mounted on the storage mud tank.

And there should be both recycling mud tank and storage mud tank. For the 2 tanks they hold same outsize dimension for convenient transportation.The storage tank only for clean mud insure the maxim capacity.

The other design is the storage mud tank hold mud agitators and mud mixing pump. All the equipments including mud tank, it should be suitable for 40’ container cater to water shipment and their local transportation regulations. So the mud tanks length will not be over 8m. All of necessary pipelines and fittings will be prepared well for whole system

More info about OGEM drilling mud solids control system and equipment,pls feel free to contact us.

The necessity of vacuum degasser in drilling

In the process of drilling, drilling fluid is invaded by gas or air, density is lower, viscosity higher .Drilling fluid density lower, which leads to the hydrostatic column pressure decreases, and may cause blowout, borehole collapse, etc malignant accident.It is very dangerous that drilling fluid is invaded by gas, therefore, must take measures to deal with.

After drilling gas layer, It is possible that gas invade in drilling fluid, and shale shakerdesander, desilter and mud gunmud agitator etc could be invaded in drilling fluid by air in the work process.

Drilling fluid density is decreased obviously after gas intrusion ,but the impact on the static fluid column pressure is much smaller than people imagine.Because gas of invasion is  compressible, the density of drilling fluid  is increase gradually as the well depth.

Just according to the density of drilling fluid is lower by gas of invasion, It is very dangerous that the compound method is applied to make up for the lower density decision-making and can lead to excessive drilling fluid density, pressure formation, pollution formation.

At the same time can reduce the rate of penetration, cause lost circulation, results in the decrease of borehole liquid level, and then occur blowout.For example due to the intrusion of gas, measuring the density (the actual) is /cm3.

According to the request of balance drilling, The formation pressure of well depth will be controlled by/cm3 drilling fluid , at this time if the density of recycling system is aggravated to/cm3, it can produce two kinds of consequences, one is due to increase of density, rate of penetration decline;The second is higher about 3 Mpa than the original static fluid column pressure ,there is the risk of lost circulation.
真空除气器
In order to restore the density of drilling fluid , the most effective means is using vacuum degasser.

More info about our vacuum degasser,pls feel free to contact us.

Solids control system in HDD/Petroleum/Oil&Gas

OGEM Solids Control equipments can provide quality goods with advantage —- cost-effective,high quality,reasonable price.Used in HDD Drill.

Conditioning the drilling fluid with the goal of dramatically lowering maintenance cost, avoiding excessive chemical treatment and maintaining mud systems volume will decrease the chance of equipment failure, unnecessary high mud costs, hole and drilling problems.In the early oil industry open earthen pits were used as settling area to separate solids and mud thereby acting as a solids control equipment. Now, with the stringent environmental regulations and high mud costs, the economics of an effective mud systems come into consideration. Different solids control companies introduce zero-discharge systems, closed-loop systems, “quick move” technology , screening technology, disposal options etc.

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Drilling mud solids control widely popular with Oil&Gas,HDD,Petroleum industry.

1) Solids control mainly control drilling fluid used in oilfield. The details are drilling fluid is a fluid used to drill boreholes into the earth.. Often used while drilling oil and natural gas wells and on exploration drilling rigs, drilling fluids are also used for much simpler boreholes.

2) The three main categories of drilling fluids are water based muds (which can be dispersed and non dispersed), non aqueous muds, usually called oil based mud, and gaseous drilling fluid, in which a wide range of gases can be used.

3) The main functions of drilling fluids include providing hydrostatic pressure to prevent formation fluids from entering into the well bore, clean during drilling, carrying out drill cuttings and suspending the drill cuttings while drilling is paused and the drilling assembly is brought in and out of the hole. The drilling fluid used for a particular job is selected to avoid formation damage and to limit corrosion.

So the solids control to drilling fluid is rather important in whole project of Oil&Gas, Petroleum, Hdd drilling.

Linear Motion Shale Shaker for Drilling Solids Control

The introduction of Shale Shaker

Shale shaker is first phase solids control equipment  in drilling fluids processing system, also known as key solids control equipment in drilling mud system, shale shaker decides performance of the whole solids control system. OGEM Solids Control can design double shakers and triplicate shakers on single skid according to clients’special requirements and also supply relevant connecting manifold, according to current industry situation, OGEM provide both third generation linear motion shale shaker and fourth generation balanced elliptical shale shaker.

Oilfield shale shaker

OGEM AJS Linear Motion Shale Shaker

AJS linear motion shale shaker absorbed advanced tech at home and abroad ,and integrated OGEM own design. OGEM complete series shale shaker can meet customers’ variable demand. Clients feedback proved the advantages of this kind of shale shaker: high G-force, wide screen area, compressed structure, cost-effective, etc.

Shale Shaker for Drilling Fluid Solids Control

Shale shaker for solids control are devices that remove drill cuttings from the drilling fluid while circulating and drilling. There are many different designs and research into the best design is constantly ongoing since solids control is vital in keeping down costs associated with the drilling fluid. The basic design consists of large, flat sheets of wire mesh screens or sieves of various mesh sizes that shakes or vibrates the drill cuttings, commonly shale shaker, across and off of the screens as the drilling fluid flows through them and back into the drilling fluids processing system, often called a mud system. This separates the drill cuttings, often called solids, from the drilling fluid so that it can be recirculated back down the well bore. In oilfield industry,linear motion shale shaker are widely used for drilling mud solids cotrol of oil gas well drilling for rig.

Welecome to contact us about our shale shaker,We will supply the best service to you with the best quality and reasonable price.

 

Mud Process System-HDD Mud Recycling System

What is the HDD mud recycling system?

HDD, horizontal directional drilling, is a steerable trenchless method of installing underground pipes, conduits and cables in a shallow arc along a prescribed bore path by using a surface-launched drilling rig, with minimal impact on the surrounding area. HDD mud recycling system is a necessary part in the drilling process, using solids control equipments to seperate solids in mud, protecting drilling rig.

The system includes shale shaker,vacuum degasser,desander,desilter,decanter centrifuge,the total five class solids control is a reasonable confifuration,make the work more confortable to keep the high efficiency and stability on the drilling.

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OGEM’s HDD Mud Rrecycling System

Application of solids phase control system in horizontal directional drilling: the solid control recycling systems used in China manufactured half in domestic and half imported. The imported systems are mainly diminutive, imported with relevant associated drilling rigs; The domestic systems are usually large, manufactured customized. Whether domestic or imported, the selection of solids control system is mainly based on the following rules:

1 The type and size of particles which need to be eliminated or controlled;

2 The quality of mud which need to be maintained.

3 The capacity of drilling rig, clearance rate and cycle rate of solid phase.

TangShan OGEM Solids Control is a professional manufacturer of Horizontal Directional Drilling System. Our engineers have more than ten years of design and production experience of horizontal directional drilling system, all of clients who using our HDD System give a high praise and become regular customers. Our company has mature production process and quality control system.

More info about our HDD mud recycling system,can contact us no hesitate.

 

 

Mud Gun for Solids Control

The introduction of Mud Gun 

Mud gun, also called drilling mud gun, is the professional tool of oil drilling fluid solids control equipment, mainly for the mud system; The impetus of mud gun can come from either centrifugal pump or mud pump .

The number of mud gun depends on the size of tank. Usually mud gun installed with mud line of mud tank. According the inlet pipe size, there are 2’ mud gun and 3’ mud gun for option. According to different structure feature, there are two types of mud gun: fixed mud gun , and rotary mud gun.

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OGEM NJQ Series Mud Gun

NJQ Series Mud gun is connected with the high pressure end of the mud pump,and with the drilling fluid jet by high speed to make the drilling mud in the mud tank agitated evenly.

Points for attention in use displacement
1. Pay attention to mud gun nozzle cleaning, prevent mud nozzle blockage.
2. Pay attention to mud gun valve adjustment, according to the density of the mud to adjust the valve size.

OGEM NJQ Series Mud Gun parameters

Name                                  Parameter

Model                                  NJQ50-3                             NJQ80-3

Diameter                             2"(φ50)                       3"(φ80)

Valve ID                                50mm                                80mm

Interface diameter                2"                                     3”

Working pressure               ≤1.6MPa                             ≤3.2MPa

Nozzles quantity                     3                                       3

Swivel degree                                              120°

Matching valves                      Gate valve and Butterfly Valve for option

If you want to know more info about our mud gun,pls do not hesitate to contact us.

 

Submersible Slurry Pump for solids control

The introduction of Submersible Slurry Pump

Submersible slurry pump is the single suction and phase cantilever type centrifugal pump.The impeller is semi-open.It’s main feature is the extreme strong pump shaft under the liquid.There is no bearing and seals between impeller and pump case,it is a maintenance-free pump.

Submersible pump

OGEM Solids Control according to the international advanced solid liquid two phase flow theory and optimized principle to design the submersible slurry pump.

1. The geometrical shape of flow passage component conform the flow condition of medium, reduce the eddy current and impact, thus reduce the wear and tear of the flow passage component, improve the hydraulic efficiency, and reduce the running noise and vibration.

2. Using the power step-down, to ensure the slurry is not easy to leak.

3. Flow passage component of pump uses high hard alloy, the material has the advantages of high wear resistance, corrosion resistance, shock resistance and long service life.

Buy submersible slurry pump from China manufacturer,OGEM Solids Control system submersible slurry pump.We will supply the best service for you.